The activity of the Polymer Materials Laboratory is focused on the development of new polymer materials, including functional materials with desired properties. We are capable of obtaining nanomaterials, nanostructured materials, composites, nanocomposite materials and hybrid organic-inorganic materials based on sol-gel process. The laboratory provides comprehensive analysis and measurements of polymer materials, e.g. thermal properties characterization, rheological, thermomechanical, flammability tests and heat resistance, accelerated aging tests including temperature, humidity, UV radiation resistance and corrosion tests with variable cycles of salt spray. Moreover, the laboratory offers porosity measurements of powders and solids including micro- and mesopores evaluation, and stability testing of suspensions, emulsions, aerosols, foams as well as the research on wettability and surface free energy.
Main research topics of the Polymer Materials Laboratory include:
DESIGN AND PREPARATION OF FUNCTIONAL MATERIALS AND PROTECTIVE COATINGS
e.g. hydrophobic and/or superhydrophobic, oleophobic, self-cleaning, ‚easy-to-clean’, decontaminating, anti-graffiti and anti-icing coatings
SYNTHESIS OF ORGANIC-INORGANIC HYBRID MATERIALS
based on sol-gel process
SYNTHESIS AND FUNCTIONALIZATION OF NANOPOROUS MATERIALS
as powders, monoliths or thin films and coatings deposition using various techniques such as spin-coating, dip-coating or spray-coating
SURFACE TEXTURIZATION AND FUNCTIONALIZATION
by chemical modification from liquid or gas phase, surface activation using the low temperature air plasma system, polymer surface etching by air or oxygen plasma treatment
POLYMER NANOCOMPOSITES SYNTHESIS
with desired properties, e.g. magnetic, mechanical or optical
TESTING OF POLYMER MATERIALS, NANOMATERIALS, NANOCOMPOSITES AND COATINGS PROPERTIES
in particular the investigations of surface free energy and polymer-substrate interactions
|JACEK MARCZAK, PhD (HEAD OF POLYMER MATERIALS LABORATORY)|
Jacek graduated from the Faculty of Chemistry at the University of Lodz, where he received a PhD in Chemistry with a specialization in Nanotechnology. He was dealing with the formation of hydrophobic properties of selected materials by chemical modification of their smooth and textured surfaces. He worked for Chemistry Faculty at University of Lodz, Poland. He was on scientific internship at the Institute of Chemical Physic, Chinese Academy of Science in Lanzhou, China. He joined the laboratory in August 2014 and he is involved in developing and modifying of polymer nanocomposites for functional coatings obtaining, in particular superhydrophobic and anti-icing surfaces. His research interests is also focused on surface properties and accelerated aging effects. He is a specialist in the field of preparation and characterization of functional nanocomposites and nanomaterials. His current research interest is focused on the development of hydrophobic and water-repellent surfaces, easy to clean, anti-icing coatings and / or self-cleaning coatings including research on coating structure and substrate interactions, and function of the proposed system.
|KAMILA STARTEK, MSc. Eng. (RESEARCH ENGINEER)|
Kamila graduated from the Faculty of Chemical Technology of Rzeszów University of Technology with a specialization in Organic Technology and Plastics. She joined the laboratory in January 2014 and she is involved in the synthesis of functional materials, in particular barrier coating layers as well as density and porosity measurements, and plastics processing.
|JOANNA PAGACZ, PhD Eng.(RESEARCH ENGINEER)|
Joanna graduated from the Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Technology of Cracow University of Technology, where she received a PhD in Chemical Technology. She is a specialist in the field of thermal analysis, especially differential scanning calorimetry and thermogravimetry. She joined the laboratory in March 2015 and she is involved in research on physico-chemistry of polymer materials including polymers identification, testing of thermal effects for polymer materials and composites, and structural changes during heat treatment.
|PIOTR KAMIŃSKI, PhD (RESEARCH ENGINEER)|
Piotr is graduated from the Faculty of Chemistry at Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, where he received a Ph.D. in Chemistry and his a main research topic was heterogeneous catalysis. His Ph.D. thesis was about the bimetallic gold-copper catalysts based on ceria, zirconia, cerium-zirconium supports, their preparation, deep characterisation and application in oxidation processes in the gas and liquid phase. In the frame of his Ph.D. study, he was on two international internships: in LCS ENSICAEN in France and at ETH Zurich. In 2017, he worked as a Post-doc researcher in LCS ENSICAEN in France. He joined the laboratory in July 2017 and he is involved in study of physicochemical properties of materials, especially the porosity of materials using adsorption and desorption of nitrogen (BET method), thermogravimetric techniques (TG-DTA) and thermal analyses (TPR-H2, TPO-O2).
|PAWEŁ MAŁECKI, PhD Eng. (RESEARCH ENGINEER)|
Paweł graduated from the Faculty of Chemical Technology of Wroclaw University of Science and Technology with a specialization in Dispersion Systems and Polymers. He joined the laboratory in April 2015 and he is involved in preparation of magnetorheological composites and surface modification of the magnetic particles by the sol-gel process as well as rheological and thermo-mechanical tests, flammability measurements, and plastics processing.
J. Pagacz, E. Hebda, S. Michałowski, J. Ozimek, D. Sternik, K. Pielichowski, Polyurethane foams chemically reinforced with POSS – thermal degradation studies, Thermochimica Acta, in press, IF: 1.938
J. Nizioł, J. Fiodor, J. Pagacz, E. Hebda, M. Marzec, E. Gondek, I. Kityk, DNA – hexadecyltrimethyl ammonium chloride complex with enhanced – thermostability as promising electronic and optoelectronic material, Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, DOI: 10.1007/s10854-016-5519-9, in press, IF: 1.798
K. Startek, M. Kargol, F. Granek, Silica-based transparent barrier layers for solar cells application, Materials Today: Proceedings 3, 2617–2622, (2016)
J. Marczak, M. Kargol, M. Psarski, G. Celichowski, Modification of epoxy resin, silicon and glass surfaces with alkyl- or fluoroalkylsilanes for hydrophobic properties, Applied Surface Science, 380, 91-100, (2016) IF: 2.735
P. Małecki, M. Królewicz, F. Hiptmair, J. Krzak, J. Kaleta, Z. Major, J. Pigłowski, Influence of carbonyl iron particle coating with silica on the properties of magnetorheological elastomers, Smart Materials and Structures, 25, 1-18, (2016) IF: 2.769
J. Pagacz, K.N. Raftopoulos, A. Leszczyńska, K. Pielichowski, Bio-polyamides based on renewable raw materials. Glass transition and crystallinity studies, Journal Of Thermal Analysis And Calorimetry, 123(2), 1225-1237, (2016) IF: 2.042
T.M. Majka, O. Bartyzel, K.N. Raftopoulos, J. Pagacz, A. Leszczyńska, K. Pielichowski, Recycling of polypropylene/montmorillonite nanocomposites bypyrolysis, Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 119, 1–7, (2016) IF: 3.564
The Polymer Materials Laboratory invites you to cooperation for applied and basic research projects concerning the development and characterization of polymer functional materials with designed properties.
In particular, we offer services in the preparation and implementation of organosilicon polymer technology as well as advanced research in the field of hybrid systems, polysiloxanes (e.g. resins), silanes and waterproofing/water-repellent surfaces. Moreover, we provide assessment of the thermo-mechanical, rheological, thermal, surface and porosity properties together with the expertise and assistance in polymer materials, including advanced training and workshops.
Synthesis Laboratory I & II
In the laboratory hybrid organic-inorganic materials and nanoporous materials in the form of powders, thin films or monoliths based on sol-gel process are obtained. Moreover, composite materials, nanoadditives, nanocomposite and nanostructured materials including functional and protective layers are developed.
Polymer Physicochemistry Laboratory
The laboratory conducts research on physicochemistry of polymer materials and composites including molecular weight and structure evaluation, identification of polymer materials and plastics (qualitative and quantitative analysis).
Thermal Analysis Laboratory
In the laboratory thermophysical properties of polymers and composites are tested including thermal degradation of polymer materials, thermomechanical analysis, dynamic mechanical analysis or thermal conductivity measurements.
Porosity Analysis Laboratory I & II
The laboratory conducts porosity measurements for powders and solids, including micro- and mesoporosity tests, highly precise studies of chemical adsorption and temperature-programmed reactions to determine catalytic properties of catalyst, catalyst support, or other materials, and fully automated density tests providing very accurate measurements of volume and density in a wide range of materials.
Surface Analysis Laboratory
The laboratory conducts stability measurements of suspensions, emulsions, foams and aerosols, research on wettability and surface free energy together with particle size and zeta potential analysis.
Polymer Rheology Laboratory
The laboratory provides numerous rheological tests to measure the viscosity of polymers ranging from single point tests like Melt Flow Rate (MFR) and Melt Flow Index (MFI), temperature characteristics as heat deflection temperature (HDT) and the Vicat softening temperature (Vicat) tests to sophisticated variable shear rate tests like Capillary Rheometry Shear Sweeps.
Plastics Processing Laboratory
In the laboratory polymer composites are prepared from the granules and / or various additives by extrusion and injection-molding systems. It is possible to produce nano-composites on a lab-scale (in an amount of 5-8 g) using extrusion and compounding equipment and pilot-scale (in an amount of about 5 kg) using a single screw extruder. In addition, the materials can be sandblasted with corundum grains.
Flammability Tests Laboratory
The laboratory conducts flammability tests of polymers and plastics to determine the full characteristics of the burning process and optical density of smoke generated by materials.
Aging Tests Laboratory
In the laboratory accelerated aging tests are performed via thermal resistance tests of materials and products (including thermal shock), salt spray corrosion tests containing variable cycles, exposure to high humidity and UV radiation.
Synthesis laboratory I
- Vacuum dryer (Binder VD 115)
- High-power ultrasonic homogenizer 1.7 kW (Hielscher Ultrasonics UIP 500)
- Hydraulic press 400kN (Carver AutoSeries NE)
- Mechanical stirrer (Heidolph, Hei-Torque 400)
- Vibratory Sieve Shaker AS 200 (Retsch)
- Spin-coater (SPS Europe B.V. Spin 150)
- Dip-coater (KSV NIMA Single Vessel)
- Spray-coater (SRIPRO-TS1)
- Low-pressure plasma system (Zepto, Diener)
- Pressure reactor system PARR 2L, 130 bar (Parr Instruments 4534)
Synthesis laboratory II
- Rotative solid-phase microwave reactor (RothoSYNTH Milestone)
- High pressure reactorBolted Closure 1L, up to 400 bar (Autoclave Engineers Inc.)
- Glove box system (MBraun UNILAB PRO SP 1250/780)
- Vacuumdryer (Binder VD 53)
- Rotary evaporatorwith pumps (Heidolph Hei-VAP)
- Mortar grinder RM 200 (Retsch)
- Cutting mill SM 300 (Retsch)
- Planetaryballmill PM 100 CM (Retsch)
- Ultra centrifugal mill ZM 200 (Retsch)
- CryoMill (Retsch)
Polymer physicochemistry laboratory
- Thermal analyzer (TG-DSC/DTA) coupledtoQMS and IR with ATR (Netzsch STA 449 F1 Jupiter; Bruker FTIR Tensor 27; QMS Aeolos)
- High temperature dilatometer DIL (Netzsch DIL 402C)
- Thermal diffusivity analyzer LFA (Netzsch LFA 457 MicroFlash)
- Thermal conductivity analyzer HFM (Netzsch HFM 436 Lambda)
- Dielectric analyzer DEA (Netzsch DEA 288 Epsilon)
- Gel permeation chromatography system GPC-SEC 1260 Infinity (Agilent Technologies)
- Spectrometer MALDI Autoflex III TOF/TOF (Bruker)
Thermal analysis laboratory
- Differential scanning calorimeter with modulated temperature MT-DSC (Mettler-Toledo DSC1)
- Differential scanning calorimeter Flash-DSC (Mettler-Toledo Flash DSC1)
- Differential scanning calorimeter High-Pressure-DSC (Mettler Toledo HP DSC1)
- Thermogravimetric analyzer TG (Mettler Toledo TGA2)
- Dynamicmechanicalanalyzer DMA (Mettler Toledo DMA/SDTA 861)
- Thermomechanicalanalyzer TMA (Mettler Toledo TMA/SDTA1 LN 600 i TMA/SDTA 1 LF 1100)
Porosity analysis laboratory
- Physisorption analyzer (Micromeritics 3Flex)
- Chemisorption analyzer (Micromeritics AutoChem II)
- Helium pycnometer (Micromeritics AccuPyc 1340)
- Mercury porosimeter MIP (Micromeritics AutoPore IV 9510)
Surface analysis laboratory
- Emulsion stability analyzer Multiscan MS20 (DataPhysics)
- Goniometer OCA 35 (DataPhysics)
- Tensiometer DCAT11 (DataPhysics)
- Zetasizer Nano range analyzer (Malvern ZS)
- Colorimeter UltraScan Pro (HunterLab)
- Gloss-meter Novo-Gloss Trio 20/60/85˚(Rhopoint Instruments Ltd.)
Polymer rheology laboratory
- Melt flow tester/plastometer (Instron CEAST MF 50)
- Heat deflection temperature (HDT) and Vicat tester (Instron CEAST HV 500)
- Capillary rheometer with a max. force range of 50 kN (Instron CEAST SR50)
- Rotational viscometer with ultra low adapter (3 cP) and Thermosel system up to 300°C (Brookfield DV2TRV)
Plastics processing laboratory
- Micro extruder (Haake MINI Lab II, 5-8 grams of material)
- Micro injection molding system (Haake MINI Jet II, 5-8 grams of material)
- Single screw extruder (Zamak, ca. 5 kg of material)
- Cabin gritter/Sandblaster (SBC 350 Bass Polska)
Flammability tests laboratory
- Cone calorimeter (FTT CONE O2/CO2/CO)
- Smoke density chamber (FTT NBS SDC)
- Temperature and oxygen index apparatus (FTT OI+TOI)
- Plastic flammability testing apparatus UL94 (FTT UL 94)
- Thermal imaging camera FLIR X 6540 (Flir)
Aging tests laboratory
- UV accelerated aging chamber (Q- LAB QUV Spray)
- Thermal shock chamber (WEISS TS 60)
- Climatic chamber (WEISS WK3 340/70)
- Salt fog chamber (WEISS S.C. KWT 450/SO2)
- Weighing furnace incl. scale (L9/12/SW Nabertherm GmbH)
Autor: Agata Kołacz, Opublikowano: 10.02.2016